There are a variety of ways of organizing a philosophy paper. What follows is on

There are a variety of ways of organizing a philosophy paper. What follows is one standard approach. You need not organize it in this fashion. it is just a suggestion.
Introduction: Your introduction should be very short. Explain to the reader what your conclusion is and give a brief synopsis of your reasons for that conclusion. In essence, you are giving the reader a road map through your paper in the introduction.
Body of the paper: This section should include your evidence and reasons for holding the conclusion along with any supporting arguments you are using from your research.
There are no rules for how you ought to do this. The most important feature of this section is that you thoroughly support and explain your premises. When papers fail, it is usually because either little evidence is given for their premises or because the claims made in the paper are insufficiently explained or clarified. Vagueness and ambiguity will always undermine an argument. If, with regard to any claim you make, after reading your paper I have to ask myself “Why does she claim this?” you have not succeeded.
Objections and Replies: To receive a good grade you must include this section. Put yourself in the position of someone who strongly disagrees with you. What are the strongest arguments they are likely to make? (You should have come across some objections in your research. It is quite appropriate to use these, properly cited of course. Also, if you are writing on a topic we discussed in class, you should glean objections from those discussions.) Discuss two important objections and show how you want to respond to these objections. The purpose of writing an argumentative paper is to convince someone of your point of view. One of the most convincing argumentative strategies you can adopt is to explicitly address objections and show how you can defeat them. Do not neglect this part of your paper. It is essential
Conclusion: Closing paragraphs can do any or all of three things.
i. Summarize your argument if it is complex and needs to be summarized.
ii. Show how what you have been arguing leads to another problem, one that you don’t have time at the moment to resolve.
iii. answer some further question that the reader needs to have answered.

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