The following are the rules for this assignment: 1. The purpose of the final exa

The following are the rules for this assignment:
1. The purpose of the final exam is to focus on comparison between different theories of Israeli Politics and application
of those theories to the case-studies;
2. Exams will be evaluated according to their creativity, correct usage of theories, organization, and style. Exams will also be credited for their ability to include citations from the appropriate readings from the course. You may use Wikipedia and any other reliable sources for finding facts, and you must use course’s material for the analysis of those facts;
Your task: Write a five (5) pages essay that will expand the given above
paragraph. Present in your paper the recent debates on the issues of
sovereignty, legitimacy, regime-type (Jewish & Democratic), social gaps,
cultural divides, gender issues, globalization, and peace process. Use at
least five (5) academic articles to introduce the problematic of the given
and the paragraph that we are supposed to expand on:
Israel is a sovereign and legitimate nation state (both de-jure and
de-facto); it’s political regime is liberal democracy (yet debated by the
essentialists); it’s society is a mosaic in which ethnicity, class, gender,
religion, nationality and migration (also foreign labor) play a dynamic part
in the intricacies of the political system. The Israeli society has
experienced some major socio-political changes during its history: The
period until the mid-1970’s, when one political party (MAPAI) dominated
the socio-political arena and the second, until the present day when the
political system has been through many changes that alter the political
characters of the society. Israel has also experienced some crucial
changes within its collective identity: from the early 1950s, when the
founding fathers and mothers tried to mold a diverse immigrant
population into a homogeneous modern secular Jewish society (the
melting pot), to the collapse of the hegemonic Ashkenazi culture and
the development of post-modern multicenter society with
multiculturalism. In addition, recently there is an impact of globalization
and “Americanization” on Israeli culture. The legacy Israel inherited from
the British Mandate at its independence in 1948 included the emerging
of a welfare state. For a while, the new country led by MAPAI built a
broadly inclusive social infrastructure on this base. Today, however, after
the processes of global liberalization and privatization, the government is
basically limited to providing security, minimal education and health
care, and not much else. But the needs of the poor, the vulnerable, the
elderly and of the new immigrants can never be adequately met by
private means alone, and it turns out that the decay of Israeli welfare
state has brought to a broader social and political gaps within Israeli
The search for peace in the Middle East dates back to the
establishment of the state of Israel in 1948, a war following the invasion
of the Jewish state by Arab countries, and the subsequent displacement
of many Palestinian Arabs. The breakthrough for peace came in 1993
when Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian leader Yasser
Arafat agreed to a framework for Palestinian autonomy in the West Bank
and Gaza in the Oslo accords. After Rabin’s assassination in 1995, the
peace process faltered. Relations between Israelis and Palestinians
turned sour as Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s slowed down
diplomatic momentum after Oslo largely because of security concerns
and ideological resistance to withdraw from occupied/disputed
Basically I wish to focus on the social gaps in Israel. How it functions as an ethnic democracy, and how that consequently leads to bigger social gaps within the country.

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